With Models Proliferating, How to Compare EVs and Hybrids
Brainiacs at M.I.T. built a car-carbon calculator for you
Move over, Tesla. With nearly 20 EV models on the U.S. market, many more hitting the lots this year and next, including a Ford F-150 pickup, and another 60 hybrid models for sale, for the environmentally-conscious car buyer it’s time to get serious about comparing carbon footprint.
The free Carboncounter.com website is a must-stop before you start seriously shopping for a new car. Developed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s Trancik Lab, the landing page of the interactive site scatter-plots estimates of the carbon footprint for hundreds of 2020 and 2021 models (based on estimated emissions in both production and operation), as well as measuring expected operating costs.
You can also search for hundreds more trim versions of those models. (Pro tip: Be sure to check out the Customize button on the upper right. You can filter by state — some states offer EV credits — and game out operating costs based on higher or lower costs for gas, diesel, electricity and hydrogen.)
Drive today below 2030 emission goals
There aren’t any gas or diesel models with emission profiles at or below the 2030 target. But according to Carboncounter.com there are nearly four dozen EV and hybrid models whose estimated carbon footprint is already at or below the 2030 emissions goal for the average car. That target is based on limiting the global temperature rise to 2 degrees Celsius. There are even a few all-electric models (Hyundai Ioniq and Tesla Model 3) that are below 2040 emission targets, and a handful more hovering right around the 2040 target.
Gone are the days when EV choices were mostly limited to compacts and mid-size sedans. Pick your size, and there’s likely more than a few EV/hybrid options to consider.
- Least expensive and environmentally friendly: MINI Cooper SE Hardtop 2 door electric. Its greenhouse gas emissions are estimated to be right at the 2040 target level. And the price (after the federal $7,500 tax credit) starts below $23,000. That said, the driving range per charge is 110 miles. The Nissan Leaf is a close second on emissions/price, with a 147-mile range.
- Best on emissions. Hyundai Ioniq electric. A 170-mile driving range. And a starting price below $26,000 after the federal tax credit.
- Great on emissions with more driving range: Tesla 3 Standard Range Plus. Carbon footprint is already below the 2040 emissions target, and a driving range of 250 miles. The starting price is around $38,000. If you need more mileage per charge, the Tesla 3 Long Range clocks in at around 353 miles, but you pay for that extra battery juice: The starting price is around $47,000.
- Compact SUVs. There are six all-electric models with estimated greenhouse emissions at or below the 2030 target. The most wallet-friendly electric compact SUV is the Hyundai Kona Electric. It is better on emissions and less expensive than the new Volkswagen ID.4 that has been grabbing headlines. If you want an all-wheel drive experience, the Tesla Model Y Long Range (320-plus miles) has a starting base price that is about $10,000 less than the Tesla Model Y Performance model. For hybrid enthusiasts, no full hybrid currently is below the 2030 emissions target. But two hybrid plug-ins are: the Toyota RAV 4 Prime 4WD and Subaru Crosstrek Hybrid AWD.
- Full/midsize SUV. The only model that is already below the 2030 emission target is the all-electric Audi e-tron. The Volvo XC90 AWD plug-in hybrid, has the next-best emissions output, though it is above the 2030 target.
- Minivan: The Chrysler Pacifica Hybrid slightly edges out the Toyota Sienna Hybrid 2D on both emissions and price, though neither is yet at the 2030 emissions target (but pretty darn close).
New car buyers are increasingly opting for electric vehicles (EVs) and hybrids. An analysis by Cox Automotive and Kelley Blue Book estimates that nearly 8% of sales in the first quarter were either full-on EVs, or hybrids, up from 4.8% a year earlier.
But if you can wait, it is anticipated that as early as 2023, falling EV battery production costs will push EV sticker prices down to the level of traditional internal combustion engine (gas) cars.