Your Financial Advisor’s Job No. 1: Protect You From Yourself
Corralling unproductive emotions, or financial biases, is the most valuable service an advisor can deliver
There are plenty of good reasons to seek out the help of a financial advisor. Your personal-finance plate is likely quite full: Save for retirement. Save for emergencies. Save your sanity when staring at college cost estimates.
A good pro will of course be able to help you sort through your financial life and develop a plan for how best to proceed.
But actually, that’s the easy part. Where an advisor can add the most value is serving as a financial psychologist of sorts. Chances are you’ve heard something about behavioral economics, a field of research that has established how our humanness gets in the way of making smart financial decisions. Intelligence isn’t what’s lacking. We often know the mechanics of what is a good or bad financial strategy. But our decisions are often held hostage by our emotions.
For instance, our fight-or-flight kicks in when stock markets plunge, and the urge is to flee stocks. Warren Buffett may find it easy “to be fearful when others are greedy and greedy when others are fearful.” We mere investing mortals struggle mightily to follow that spot-on advice, too often selling at a low point and then having to buy back in at higher prices.
Another example: We tend to be overly wedded to what we paid for something. Waiting for an investment that has fallen in value to “just get back to break-even” has a strong emotional pull. But this bias, called anchoring, can keep us from dropping a loser and reinvesting in something with better long-term prospects.
One more: Recency bias could be a lurking risk in your retirement portfolio right now. This is a quirk that makes us overly focused on what we’ve been experiencing lately, like a 10-year bull market for stocks. Your stocks have been doing so well for so long, you – even if only subconsciously – assume the good times will continue. But we know bear markets happen. That’s an argument for rebalancing your portfolio to make sure you have the right mix of stocks, bonds and cash. When was the last time you did that?
Separate research from Morningstar and Vanguard estimates that a financial advisor’s biggest value-add can be in helping a client navigate the emotional speed bumps that get in the way of reaching long-term goals. Sure, investment advice is important. Tax planning can be a solid win, especially in retirement, where a careful withdrawal strategy can minimize taxes.
But both studies agreed: The role of advisor as financial shrink/behavioral coach has the biggest potential payoff. In Vanguard’s estimation, a good advisor might be able to boost net performance for a client about 3 percentage points over the long term, with half of that value-add being the result of helping a client steer clear of behavioral biases.
Yet that’s not what individuals think is important. Morningstar recently surveyed nearly 700 people and more than 150 advisors and asked them to rank 15 services or attributes of an advisor from least important to most. The list included “can help me maximize returns,” “helps me reach my financial goals,” “has a clear fee structure so I know what I am paying for” and “helps me stay in control of my emotions.”
That last one was ranked dead last. We don’t value a service that research says could be the biggest help. This represented the second biggest disconnect between individuals and advisors in the Morningstar survey, as advisors ranked controlling emotions higher. The biggest gap was about portfolio performance. “Can help me maximize my returns” was ranked fourth-most important by individuals and 14th by advisors.
Those gaps suggest that individuals are looking for help in the wrong places.
A sign of a good advisor is one who doesn’t promise out-sized returns, let alone market-beating returns. An advisor who recommends building a core portfolio that aims to match the market by sticking with low-cost index mutual funds and exchange-traded funds is on the side of reason. Bucketloads of data sliced in a multitude of time frames have shown the odds of “beating the market” are extremely long in major asset classes such as large U.S. stocks and high-quality U.S. bonds. Anyone who insists they can buck those long odds is not someone who will likely help you meet your long-term goals.
If you’re working with an advisor, or considering starting, recognize that a really good pro is going to earn his keep (yes, they are mostly men) by helping you stay committed to your strategy in the face of all the emotional tugs that want to pull you in the wrong direction. At the end of the day, helping you maximize your returns is highly dependent on helping you avoid behavioral biases.